Journal Articles
(please request copies from the lead author)

19. Eriksson, H. and S. Clarke. 2015. Chinese market responses to overexploitation of sharks and sea cucumbers. Biological Conservation 184: 163-173.
18. Clarke, S., S.J. Harley, S.D. Hoyle and J.S. Rice. 2013. Population Trends in Pacific Oceanic Sharks and the Utility of Regulations on Shark Finning. Conservation Biology 27(1): 197-209.
17. Bromhead, D., S. Clarke, S. Hoyle, B. Muller, P. Sharples, and S. Harley. 2012. Identification and management implications of factors influencing shark mortality in the Marshall Islands Tuna Longline Fishery. Journal of Fish Biology 80(5): 1870-1894.
16. Benavides, M.T., R.L. Horn, K.A. Feldheim, M.S. Shivji, S.C. Clarke, S. Wintner, L. Natanson, M. Braccini, J. Boomer, J., S. Gulak, D.D. Chapman. 2011. Global phylogeography of the dusky shark, Carcharhinus obscurus: implications for fisheries management and monitoring the shark fin trade. Endangered Species Research 14: 13-22.
15. Clarke, S.C., M.K. McAllister and R.C. Kirkpatrick. 2009. Estimating legal and illegal catches of Russian sockeye salmon from trade and market data. ICES Journal of Marine Science 66(3): 532-545.
14. Clarke, S.C. 2008. Use of shark fin trade data to estimate historic total shark removals in the Atlantic Ocean. Aquatic Living Resources 21(4): 373-381.
13. Bonfil, R., S. Clarke and H. Nakano. 2008. The biology and ecology of the oceanic whitetip shark, Carcharhinus longimanus. pp. 128-139, IN: Sharks of the Open Ocean, M. Camhi, E. Pikitch and E.A. Babcock (eds). Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
12. Dulvy, N.K., J.K. Baum, S. Clarke, L.J.V. Compagno, E. Cortés, A. Domingo, S. Fordham, S. Fowler, M. P. Francis, C. Gibson, J. Martínez, J.A. Musick, A. Soldo, J.S. Stevens and S. Valenti. 2008. You can swim but you can’t hide: the global status and conservation of oceanic pelagic sharks and rays. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 18(5): 459-482.
11. Clarke, S.C., E.J. Milner-Gulland and T. Bjørndal. 2007. Perspective: Social, economic and regulatory drivers of the shark fin trade. Marine Resource Economics 22: 305-327.
10. Hall, M.A., H. Nakano, S. Clarke, S. Thomas, J. Molloy, S.H. Peckham, J. Laudino-Santillán, W.J. Nichols, E. Gilman, J. Cook, S. Martin, J.P. Croxall, K. Rivera, C.A. Moreno and S.J. Hall. 2007. Working with fishers to reduce by-catches (The Tori-Pole in the Japanese Longline Fishery by H. Nakano and S. Clarke). pp. 235-290, IN: By-catch Reduction in the World’s Fisheries, S.J. Kennelly (ed.). Springer, Berlin.
9. Gilman, E., S. Clarke, N. Brothers, J. Alfaro-Shigueto, J. Mandelman, J. Mangel, S. Petersen, S. Piovano, N. Thomson, P. Dalzell, M. Donosol, M. Goren and T. Werner. 2007. Shark interactions in pelagic longline fisheries. Marine Policy 32: 1-18.
8. Magnussen, J.E., E.K. Pikitch, S.C. Clarke, C. Nicholson, A.R. Hoelzel and M.S. Shivji. 2007. Genetic tracking of basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) products in international trade. Animal Conservation 10: 199-207.
7. Clarke, S.C., M.K. McAllister, E.J. Milner-Gulland, G.P. Kirkwood, C.G.J. Michielsens, D.J. Agnew, E.K. Pikitch, H. Nakano and M.S. Shivji. 2006. Global Estimates of Shark Catches using Trade Records from Commercial Markets. Ecology Letters 9: 1115-1126.
6. Clarke, S.C., J.E. Magnussen, D.L. Abercrombie, M.K. McAllister and M.S. Shivji. 2006. Identification of Shark Species Composition and Proportion in the Hong Kong Shark Fin
Market Based on Molecular Genetics and Trade Records, Conservation
Biology 20(1): 201-211.
5. Nakano, H. and S. Clarke. 2006. Filtering method for obtaining stock indices by shark species from species-combined logbook data in tuna longline fisheries. Fisheries Science 72: 322-332.
4. Abercrombie, D.L., S.C. Clarke and M.S. Shivji. 2005. Global-scale genetic identification of hammerhead sharks: application to assessment of the international fin trade and law enforcement. Conservation Genetics. 6: 775-788.
3. Clarke, S. 2004. Understanding pressures on fishery resources through trade statistics: a pilot study of four products in the Chinese dried seafood market. Fish and Fisheries 5: 53-74.
2. Clarke, S., M. McAllister and C. Michielsens. 2004. Estimates of shark species composition and numbers associated with the shark fin trade based on Hong Kong auction data. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science 35: 1-13.
1. Clarke, S., A.W.Y. Leung, Y.M. Mak, R. Kennish, and N. Haggan. 2002. Consultation with local fishers on the Hong Kong artificial reefs initiative. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: S171-S77.
(those available for download are shown below)

39. Clarke, S. 2016a. Sharks in a Post Truth World. SPC Fisheries Newsletter (September-December 2016) 151:XX-XX. Available online at http://www.spc.int/DigitalLibrary/Doc/FAME/InfoBull/FishNews/151/FishNews151_19_Clarke.pdf
38. Clarke, S. 2016b. Elaboration of technical details regarding targeting and shark management plans. WCPFC-TCC12-2016/19. Available online at https://www.wcpfc.int/system/files/WCPFC-TCC12-2016-19%20Shark%20Management%20Plans.pdf
37. Clarke, S. 2016c. Historical Catch Estimate Reconstruction for the Atlantic Ocean based on Shark Fin Trade Data. SCRS-2015-069. Available online at https://www.iccat.int/Documents/CVSP/CV072_2016/n_1/CV072010197.pdf
36. Clarke, S., L. Manarangi-Trott and A. Taholo. 2016. Information Available to Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Commission’s Measure on Shark Finning. Available online at https://www.wcpfc.int/node/27847
35. Clarke, S., T. Peatman, S. Caillot and N. Smith. 2016. Joint Analysis of Sea Turtle Mitigation Effectiveness: Final Report. WCPFC and ABNJ (Common Oceans) Tuna Project. Available online at http://www.commonoceans.org/fileadmin/user_upload/common_oceans/docs/Tuna/FirstSeaTurtleWorkshopReport.pdf
34. Fu, D., M.J. Roux, S. Clarke, M. Francis, A. Dunn and S. Hoyle. 2016. Pacific-wide sustainability risk assessment of bigeye thresher shark (Alopias superciliosus): Final Report. Available online at http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/common_oceans/docs/Tuna/WCPFCStockStatusAssessmentReport.pdf
33. Williams, P., N. Smith, I. Tuiloma, C. Falasi and S. Clarke. 2016. Trial Application of the BDEP Template for Summarizing Bycatch Data. WCPFC-SC12-2016/EB-WP-12. Available online at https://www.wcpfc.int/meetings/sc12
32. Clarke, S. 2015a. Understanding and Mitigating Impacts to Whale Sharks in Purse Seine Fisheries of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. WCPFC-SC11-2015/EB-WP-03. Available online at http://www.wcpfc.int/node/21715
31. Clarke, S. 2015b. Historical Catch Estimate Reconstruction for the Indian Ocean based on Shark Fin Trade Data. IOTC-2015-WPEB11-24. Available online at http://www.iotc.org/documents/historical-catch-estimate-reconstruction-indian-ocean-based-shark-fin-trade-data-0
30. Clarke, S. 2015c. Bycatch is troublesome: deal with it!. SPC Fisheries Newsletter (May-August 2015) 147: 35-40. Available online at https://www.wcpfc.int/system/files/FishNews147_35_Clarke.pdf
29. Clarke, S., S. Nicol and P. Williams. 2015. Proposal for a Bycatch Data Exchange Protocol (BDEP) amongst the t-RFMOs. WCPFC-SC11-2015/EB-IP-06. Available online at http://www.wcpfc.int/node/21721
28. Clarke, S., R.Coelho, M.Francis, M.Kai, S.Kohin, K.M.Liu, C. Simpfendorfer,J.Tovar-Avila, C. Rigby and J. Smart. 2015. Report of the Pacific Shark Life History Expert Panel Workshop, 28-30 April 2015. WCPFC-SC11-2015/EB-IP-13. Available online at http://www.wcpfc.int/node/21738
27. Gilman, E., S. Clarke and M. Hall. 2015. Priority Bycatch Data Fields and Data Collection Protocols for Tuna RFMOs’ Pelagic Longline Observer Programmes. WCPFC-SC11-2015/EB-IP-05. Available online at http://www.wcpfc.int/node/21730
26. Dent, F. and S. Clarke. 2015. State of the Global Market for Shark Products. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 590. Rome, FAO. 187 pp. Available online at http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4795e.pdf
25. Clarke, S. 2014. Re-examining the shark trade as a tool for conservation. SPC Fisheries Newsletter (September-December 2014) 145: 49-56. Available online at www.spc.int/coastfish/en/publications/bulletins/fisheries-newsletter/439-spc-fisheries-newsletter-145.html
24. Clarke, S. and the IOTC Secretariat. 2014. Issues for T-RFMOs in relation to the listing of shark and ray species by the CITES with particular reference to the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission. IOTC-2014-WPEB10-12. Available online at http://www.iotc.org/documents/issues-t-rfmos-relation-listing-shark-and-ray-species-cites-particular-reference-indian
23. Clarke, S., L. Manarangi-Trott and S. Brouwer. 2014. Issues for t-RFMOs in relation to the listing of shark and ray species by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). WCPFC-SC10-2014/ EB-IP-05. Available online at http://www.wcpfc.int/node/18991
22. Clarke, S. and S. Hoyle. 2014. Development of Limit Reference Points for Elasmobranchs. WCPFC-SC10-2014/ MI-WP-07. Available online at https://www.wcpfc.int/node/19015
21. Francis, M.P, S.C. Clarke, L.H. Griggs and S.D. Hoyle. 2014. Indicator based analysis of the status of New Zealand blue, mako and porbeagle sharks. New Zealand Fisheries Assessment Report 2014/69. 109 p. Available online at https://www.mpi.govt.nz/document-vault/5149
20. Clarke, S., M. Sato, C. Small, B. Sullivan, Y. Inoue and D. Ochi. 2014. Bycatch in longline fisheries for tuna and tuna-like species: a global review of status and mitigation measures. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 588. Rome, FAO. 199 pp. Available online at www.fao.org/3/a-i4017e/
19. Clarke, S. 2013. Towards an Integrated Shark Management Plan for the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. WCPFC-SC9-2012/ EB-WP-08. Available online at https://www.wcpfc.int/node/4742
18. Clarke, S.C., M.P. Francis, L.H. Griggs. 2013. Review of shark meat markets, discard mortality and pelagic shark data availability, and a proposal for a shark indicator analysis. New Zealand Fisheries Assessment Report, 2013/65: 74 p. Available online at http://fs.fish.govt.nz/Page.aspx?pk=113&dk=23654
17. Clarke, S. and G. Hosch. 2013. Traceability, legal provenance & the EU IUU Regulation: Russian whitefish and salmon imported into the EU from Russia via China.
16. Clarke, S. 2012. Developing and Applying a Methodology to Estimate Illegal Take from New Zealand Fisheries – Final Report. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, New Zealand Government.
15. Clarke, S., S. Harley, S. Hoyle and J. Rice. 2011. An indicator-based analysis of key shark species based on data held by SPC-OFP. SC7-EB-WP-01. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Nouméa, New Caledonia.
14. Clarke, S., K. Yokawa, H. Matsunaga, and H. Nakano. 2011. Analysis of North Pacific Shark Data from Japanese Commercial Longline and Research/Training Vessel Records. SC7-EB-WP-02. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Nouméa, New Caledonia.
13. Clarke, S. 2011. A Status Snapshot of Key Shark Species in the Western and Central Pacific and Potential Mitigation Options. SC7-EB-WP-04. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Nouméa, New Caledonia.
12. Clarke, S., T. Lawson, D. Bromhead, S. Harley. 2010. Progress Toward Shark Assessments. WCPFC7-2010-16. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Nouméa, New Caledonia.
11. Clarke, S. and S.J. Harley. 2010. Research Plan to Determine the Status of the Key Shark Species WCPFC-SC6-2010/EB-WP-01. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Nouméa, New Caledonia.
10. Clarke, S. 2010. Best Practice Study of Fish Catch Documentation Schemes. MRAG-Asia Pacific for DEFRA, United Kingdom.
9. Clarke, S. 2010. Development of a Comprehensive Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels - Investigation of Unique Vessel Identifier (UVI) and Phasing Options. MRAG-Asia Pacific for the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
8. Kleiber, P, S. Clarke, K. Bigelow, H. Nakano, M. McAllister and Y. Takeuchi. 2009. North Pacific blue shark stock assessment. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, Scientific Committee Paper SC5/EB-WP-01.
7. Clarke, S. 2009. An Alternative Estimate of Catches of Five Species of Sharks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean based on Shark Fin Trade Data. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, Scientific Committee Paper SC5/EB-WP-02.
6. Clarke, S. 2008. Understanding China’s Fish Trade and Traceability Systems, TRAFFIC, Hong Kong and Understanding China’s Distant Water Fishing Activities, TRAFFIC, Hong Kong.
5. Clarke, S. 2007. Trading Tails: Linkages between Russian salmon fisheries and East Asian markets. TRAFFIC East Asia, Hong Kong.
4. Gilman, E., S. Clarke, N. Brothers, J. Alfaro-Shigueto, J. Mandelman, J. Mangel, S. Piovano, S. Peterson, D. Watling, and P. Dalzell. 2007. Strategies to Reduce Shark Depredation and Unwanted Bycatch in Pelagic Longline Fisheries: Industry Practices and Attitudes, and Shark Avoidance Strategies. Honolulu: Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council.
3. Hareide, N.R., J. Carlson, M. Clarke, S. Clarke, J. Ellis, S. Fordham, S. Fowler, M. Pinho, C. Raymakers, F. Serena, B. Seret, and S. Polti. 2007. European Shark Fisheries: a preliminary investigation into fisheries, conversion factors, trade products, markets and management measures. European Elasmobranch Association.
2. Clarke, S. 2005. Trade in Shark Products in Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand, Southeast Asian Development Center and ASEAN, Singapore.
1. Clarke, S. 2004. Shark Product Trade in Hong Kong and Mainland China, and Implementation of the Shark CITES Listings, TRAFFIC East Asia, Hong Kong